US desperately wants to maintain worldwide hegemony

ANG BAYAN
7 February 2012

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On January 2, the US Department of Defense issued "Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense," a document that laid down US military strategy for the coming years. The paper defines US imperialism's priorities and stresses to maintain global hegemony amid crisis and growing challenges to its power.

Although the Obama regime has not paid any less attention to the Middle East and Africa, it emphasizes the need for so-called "rebalancing" or shifting priority troop deployment and military expenditures to the Asia-Pacific. One of its priorities is the defeat of perceived threats to its interests in South Asia and the Middle East.

It plans to lay down mechanisms to monitor and put under surveillance armed and revolutionary movements in the region that it perceives as threats. It will collaborate with the puppet and reactionary classes to control territories still beyond the reach of its power, and if necessary, to launch strike operations against what it deems to be the most dangerous groups and individuals.

The US had had no qualms admitting that its economic and security interests are closely intertwined with the situations in countries comprising the arc from the Western Pacific and East Asia towards the Indian Ocean region and South Asia. The US knows that in order tlo maintain its dominant role worldwide, it must rebalance its forces in favor of the Asia-Pacific region.

One of the US' concerns is China's growth as a regional and global power. US imperialism views China's growth as a threat to its economy and security. It is its fear over China's growing military strength that is pushing the US to further enhance its military forces deployed in Asia. In particular, the US is targeting control over the South China Sea, which serves as one of its major trade routes from Asia to America and Europe.

The US stresses the importance of power-projection in the Asia-Pacific. Using its warships and military bases in Japan, South Korea, Guam and Australia and military agreements with the Philippines, the US plans to have tens of thousands of American soldiers conduct continuous patrols in the region.

The new US strategy framed by the Obama regime targets the maintenance of US hegemony worldwide even as it reduces its military expenditures. Towards the end of January, US Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta announced plans to reduce US military troops by 100,000 and slash the defense budget by $487 billion in the next ten years. Some sectors in the US have expressed opposition to such plans.