The Filipino people had long wanted to make Hugo pay for his crimes

Julian Paisano
Coronacion Chiva “Waling-waling” Operational Command
NPA-Panay Region
January 6, 2014

Demetrio Capilastique Jr aka Hugo was gunned down last December 30, 2013 by a team of New People’s Army (NPA) as he resisted the Red fighters who were assigned to arrest him. The arrest of Capilastique was ordered by the duly-constituted people’s court in Panay in order for him to face charges of multiple murder, abduction and mutiny.

The 15 murdered victims or so mentioned in the previous statement were civilians who got in the way of the RPA’s gangster ways. He would have been arrested first but his armed resistance sealed his fate. The arrest would have resulted in getting information from him as to the whereabouts of Luisa Posa and NIlo Arado, two legal activists who were abducted by the AFP intelligence and supported by Hugo’s RPA-ABB in its execution. The military and RPA were both culpable in the said abduction and people in the military are yet to be held accountable for the abduction. Last December 10, 2007, we had issued a statement on the abduction and the entire list of those indicted.



Nevertheless, Hugo was an armed paramilitary commander of the AFP’s special civilian armed auxiliary force. Found in his belt bag were hand grenades and a Taurus pistol. The RPA-ABB is actively engaged in supporting the military operation against the NPA in Janiuay-Lambunao- Leon-Tubungan, Miag-ao-San Joaquin and Ibajay-Pandan. As such, the RPA-ABB is an armed hostile organization against the NPA. And the RPA commander, as such, was a legitimate military target for the NPA. Rustico Cutanda, aka Rolly, pretended to be the victim as he roll-called Mokong, Arce, Joven—all RPA operatives who were killed in military actions by the NPA before Hugo. What he failed to mention was that they were engaged in armed operations against the NPA together with regular troops of the AFP. They became legitimate military targets therefore—or did Cutanda pretend to fail to notice that there’s an ongoing people’s war wherein the NPA defends itself and the people against recurring attacks by the military including armed attacks from the remnants of the RPA. Cutanda himself insisted that they are still a ”revolutionary” army different from Major Tiongson’s allegations that the RPA has been transformed to a civilian organization of “Kapatiran” of the Tabara faction.

Yet Cutanda claims that the NPA resorted to arms and killed them just because the RPA split from the reaffirmist CPP-NPA due to ideological differences. Definitely, the Party’s ideological and political line is an ocean apart from the RPA gangsterist, surrenderist-collaborator line of march to the side of the enemy. They wave the flag of ‘socialism’ that they learned from CIA literature. The better guage for a correct ideology is manifested by the fact that the Party, the NPA and the revolutionary masses has grown by folds since the rectification. While the RPA has folded up into grouplets that are fighting each other-- like the Tabara and dela Cruz factions. We need not have to resort to arms in order for the RPA to self-destruct. Simple differences in share of the loot have resulted in RPA splits and disintegration.

The NPA did not just take action against Hugo because he left the NPA. Membership in the NPA is voluntary. As you could get in, you could get out of the NPA voluntarily and many did so without any retribution on the condition that they keep what they know in secret so as not to compromise the security of those they left behind. What Hugo did was mutiny. He not only left but instigated many more to leave, formed a separate armed group that is actively hostile to the NPA and collaborating with the enemy to attack the NPA. This is why mutiny is punishable by death.

Hugo’s crimes were not arbitrarily compiled. Each murder and abduction were investigated and sufficient evidence by witnesses were gathered from the very start. For instance, the RPA, as instigated by their intelligence handlers, has now began sowing bloody intrigue by identifying their supposed suspects among the legal mass leaders and activists. Such intrigue sets up these people to simple harassment or to justify murder by RPA retaliatory action. This is noted and remembered/recorded through the years when such intrigue will result in fascist attacks on innocent victims. This intrigue was what the military started with in setting up the abduction of Luisa Posa and Nilo Arado; by branding them, legal activists, as ‘communist terrorists’ .

The national democratic movement has a long memory and does not forget. While it cannot protect all the people that the RPA or their military handlers victimize, it can surely exact justice when justice is due. Bde Gen Quiapo would have Hugo’s victims find justice in the regime’s courts. But surely, Gen Quiapo is very much aware of the fact that a basic reason why people join the NPA is for them to exact fair, speedy justice in its people’s court that they could never find in the GRP’s courts. The Janiuay police could not even have the RPA arrested, when the latter ambushed their own policemen. The victims were just pacifying intoxicated RPA men who were abusing the local people in Patongpatong ,Janiuay . And the Butcher Gen Palparan is coddled and hidden by the very military while the supposed arresting agents look the other way. The Maguindanao massacre victims have years more to suffer the impunity of so blatant a crime. Even the Marcoses and Estrada are back in power with their plundered loot protected by Gen Quiapo’s men. So much for ‘Justice’ under the Government of the Republic of the Philippines.

Yet revolutionary justice is also judicious and It does provide for amnesty to those whose crimes are admitted and atoned for like those of General Jarque. Before his death at an age past 70, Sgt. Porfirio Cataluna who killed so many Tumandoks whom he suspected as suporters of the NPA, was granted amnesty under the same conditions and for humanitarian reasons. On the other hand, Hugo was an incorrigible example of a murderer doing ‘dirty jobs’ for the military and was an armed hostile enemy and had to pay the price for it.

His death, was celebrated not only by the national democratic movement. Tens of thousands more people all over Panay were relieved and overjoyed. Of course, if one asks them over media as to Hugo’s death, they would just keep mum because the RPA stragglers and their military handlers are still around to hound them. But they now offer more support for the NPA, the army who broke the White terror imposed by Hugo, the RPA and the armed forces of the Philippines in their localities and helped them achieve justice.